BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA

BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA  Certain findings from castle part in downtown area point to 2500-2700 BC on the other hand according to recent fin...

BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA 
BURSA'NIN KISA TARİHÇESİ

Certain findings from castle part in downtown area point to 2500-2700 BC on the other hand
according to recent findings in Akçalar Aktopraklık excavation showed that oldest traces of civilization within Bursa provincial area date back to 8500 BC Bursa region had been under various colonies and countries ruling until Bithynia state was establishedin 4th century BC according to famous historian herodatus the only city around Bursa was cius (gemlik) which was established in 12th century BC Apemea (Mudanya) is thought to have been established in 10th century BC while Apollania (Gölyazı) whic is on an island in lake Uluabat is thought to have been established before 6th century BC after going under lydian ruling during Krezus/Kroisos (561-546 BC) area  Bursa went under Persian ruling entire region was heavily damaget during these wars meanwhile greek immigrants arrived in the ragion and settled on marmara sea coast chalcedon republic established in kadıköy İstanbul area attacked Bursa and surrounding region and caused heavy damages detalses fought against Persian and established independent Bithynia republic in Bursa ragion Bursa was promoted to city status and had city walls built during the reign of Bithynian king Prusias(232-192 BC) carthaginian king Hannibal took refuge
in Prusias after tosing the battle he fought aganist the roman emperor and when he was highly



BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA
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honoured by Prusias he gets Bursa castle built for his name thus the first city plan for Bursa was prepared by carthaginian king Hannibal city is named  Prusa region was reffered to as Bithynia until 19th century Bithnia kingdom became part of romam empire in 74 BC and stayed under roman ruling for long years following the division of roman empire in 395 AD the city remained under Byzantium ruling sericulture sterted in the city around 500 AD the city also turned into a spa centre due to many natural hot springs it has around the same time new hammams were built in Pythia (cekirge) during emperor justinianus era (527-565) Muslims first arrived in Bursa during Abbasids era (Harun alrashid 8th century) the hamedani in Aleppo captured Nicea (iznik) in 955 and ruled it for 23 years Turks
arrived in Bursa region for the first time in 1080 and Nicaea had been capital city of Anotolian Seljuk state between 1081-1097 in 1097 there were crusader battles in the region for the first time in 1080 and Nicaea had been capital city of Anatolian seljuk state between 1081-1097 in 1097 there were crusader battles in the region and crusaders captured Nicaea a latin state was established in İstanbul during this war and Nicaea became capital of Byzantium empire Prusa was a minor and insignificant lordship under Nicaea between 1204-1261 and Prusa stayed under Byzantium rule until 14th century as a small city consisting of a castle after years of siegeing by Osman Bey founder and first Sultan of
Ottoman Empire Bursa was taken by his son Orhan Bey on 6 april 1326 it was not by the sword but by hand over and Bursa became capital city of Ottomans as was his will Osman Bey buried in Gümüşlü kubbe (Saint Elia Monastery) Tophane  Bursa developed rapidly within the first 200 years of Ottoman ruling in comparision to other cities city widely expanded towards east and west beyond castle walls many architecturally significant buildings were constructed and and served as capital city
of the empire until Edirne was conquered and named capital in 1365 even after Edirne and İstanbul later on has been capital city Bursa had been prized and honoured as capital of anotolia

BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA

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"DARÜL KURRA" KUR'AN SCHOOL,3,"PİRAN" DECLARATİON,3,1826 YILI YENİ CERİ AYAKLANMASI,4,36 Osmanlı Sultanı,3,93 HARBİ VE BALKAN GÖÇMENLERİ,2,ACEM REIS CAMİİ,4,AÇIK NAMAZGAH (OPEN-AIR PRAYER PLACE,4,AHMET DAI MOSQUE,3,BALIBEY HANI,11,BEŞİKCİLER MOSQUE,6,BİLİNMEZLİK DOLU YOLLAR,4,BİR TARİH AYAĞA KALKIYOR,4,BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA,4,BURSA 3D PANORAMA 1326 MÜZESİ,7,Bursa Fatih sultan Mehmet Osmanlı karşı duran türbesi,1,Bursa Fatih sultan Mehmet Osmanlı karşı duran türbesi...,3,BURSA GÖÇ TARİHİ,7,BURSA IS THE CITY OF HISTORY AND EMPIRES,5,BURSA KILIÇ KALKAN OYUNU,9,BURSA MEHTERAN TAKIMI,6,BURSA OSMANGAZİ Yİ ANMA VE FETİH ŞENLİĞİ,5,Bursa Osmanlı Muradiye medresesi...,3,Bursa osmanlı tarihi camii.,2,Bursa osmanlı tarihi camii..,2,BURSA TARİHÇESİ,4,Bursa tarihi büyük şehir belediye binası,1,BURSA ULU CAMİ,4,BURSA'DA BİZANS VE ROMA DÖNEMİ,2,BURSA'DA İLK AYAK İZLERİ,2,CAKIRAĞA HAMAMI,7,CANDARLI İBRAHİM PAŞA HAMAMI,4,CEKİRGE SULTANS THERMAL BATH,3,CEM SULTAN TÜRBESİ,4,ÇEKİRGE SULTAN KAPLICASI,2,DAYE OĞLU PUBLIC BATH,3,DEMİRTASPASA PUBLIC BATH,4,DEVLET.HATUN.TÜRBE,1,DEVLET.HATUN.TÜRBE.OSMANLI.SELCUKLU.PADİŞAH.SULTAN.EMPİRE.SARAY.OSMANGAZİ.ORHANGAZİ.,2,EBE GÜLBAHAR HATUN TÜRBESİ,2,EMİR SULTAN (MUHAMMED ŞEMSEDDİN),4,EMİRSULTAN HAMAMI,3,ERTUĞRUL BEY,2,ERTUĞRUL BEY CAMİİ,4,ERTUĞRUL GAZİ,2,ESKİ İPEK HANI,2,ESKİ KAPLICA,3,ESKİCİ MEHMET DEDE AŞEVİ,1,ESTABLİSHMENT LEGEND OF BURSA,2,FATİH SULTANS MEHMED,2,FİDAN HAN,4,GEYVE HAN,4,GIRÇIK/CIKCIK HAMAM PUBLIC BATH,3,GÖKDERE MEDRESE,4,GREEN MOSQUE,2,GÜLRUH HATUN TÜRBESİ,2,HACI SEVİNÇ MESCİDİ,1,Hacivat ve karagöz...Bursa Türkistan Orhan Bey Şeyh Küşteri vakvakağacı,1,HAMZA BEY KÜLLİYESİ,2,HANİFE İSFENDİYAR CAMİİ,1,HARAÇÇI OĞLU MEDRESE,3,HELVACI ACELE BACI KABRİ,1,HOCA TABİP (AYNALI CAMİİ,3,HUMA SULTAN,1,II MURAT BATH Madrasah kültür Medrese küllüye halvet,2,II.MURAD TÜRBESİ / ŞEHZADE ALAADDİN TÜRBESİ,5,IMARET-I ISA BEY MESJID,2,İBN-İ SİNA,2,İBNİ-BEZZAZ CAMİİ,3,İBRAHİM PAŞA (MAHKEME) HAMAMI,1,İNCİRLİ.HAMAM.BATH.MÜZE.MOUSOLEUM.MOSQUE.CAMİ.HAN.TÜRBE,4,İNEBEY MEDRESESİ,3,İVAZ PAŞHA CAMİİ,3,KADI (PERŞEMBE) HAMAMI,1,KAPAN HANI,3,Kaplıca bath hamam hüsnü güzel,1,KARA KADI CAMİİ,1,KARA TİMURTAŞ VE OĞULLARI,3,KARABAŞ-I VELİ DERGAHI,3,KARAGÖZ ANITI,2,KARAGÖZ MÜZESİ,4,KARASEYH MOSQUE,2,KEFEN SÜZEN CAMİİ,2,MAUSOLEUM OF HATICE SULTAN,1,MAUSOLEUM OF MURAD I.THE SOVEREING,4,MAUSOLEUM OF OSMANGAZİ,3,MAUSOLEUM OF SULEYMAN ÇELEBİ,1,MECNUNDEDE CAMİİ,2,MEYHANELI/CHICKEN MARKET PUBLIC BATH,1,MEZAR TAŞI BAŞLIKLARI,1,MURAD I,3,MURADİYE (II. MURAD) CAMİİ,3,MURADİYE BATH,4,Muradiye Çandarlı Han türbe Sultan TanPınar II.Murat Şehzade,1,MURADİYE KÜLLİYE'Sİ,1,MURADİYE KÜLLİYESİ,2,MURADİYE'YE CAN VERENLER 1,3,MURADİYE'YE CAN VERENLER 2,4,NAKKAŞ (MINIATURIST),1,NAMAZGAH CAMİİ,3,OKÇU BABA TURBESİ,1,ORHAN BEY HAMAMI (AYNALI ÇARŞI),2,ORHAN GAZİ TÜRBESİ,4,ORUÇ BEY TÜRBESİ,1,OSMANLI BURSA DARPHANESİ,3,Osmanlı devlet arması,1,OSMANLI EVİ MÜZESİ THE OTTOMAN HOUSE MUSEUM,5,Osmanlı evleri,1,Osmanlıdan günümüze tarihi ipek yolu hamamı..,1,Osmanli impartoru,1,OTTOMAN MURADİYE POORHOUSE,1,PIRINÇ (RICE) KHANİRİNÇ HANI,1,SALTANAT KAPISI,3,SARAYLILAR TÜRBESİ MURADİYE KÜLLİYE'Sİ,2,SATI FAKİH CAMİİ,1,SELÇUK HATUN CAMİİ,3,SEYYİD USUL DERĞAHI,1,SITTI HATUN CAMİİ,1,SITTI HATUN SIBYAN MEKTEBİ,1,sultan Çandarlı Bursa Hisar Mollafenari semerkant kadızade,1,Sultan I.Murad (Hüdavendigar) tarafından...,1,SULTANS OSMANGAZİ .,1,ŞAİR AHMED PAŞA MEDRESESİ,2,ŞEHABETTİN PAŞA CAMİİ,1,ŞEHZADE AHMET TÜRBESİ,1,ŞEHZADE MAHMUD TÜRBESİ,2,ŞEHZADE MUSTAFA TÜRBESİ,1,ŞEKER HOCA CAMİİ VE TÜRBESİ,1,ŞİRİN HATUN TÜRBESİ,1,TAHTAKALE KAPISI,5,tarihi ırgandı köprüsü..,2,TELEFERİK BURSA NIN DEYİŞEN YÜZÜ,1,THE BURSA CITADEL ITS RAMPARTS AND GATES,1,THE HOUSE OF THE KALANDERI,3,THE SOVEREIGN MOSQUE,2,TİMURTAŞ PAŞA TÜRBESİ,1,TUZ HAN,1,Türbe Fatih Sultan Mehmed'in eşi Şehzade Mustafa'nın Annesi Gülşah..,2,Türbe II.Bayezıd'ın oğlu Şehzade Şehinşah'ın eşi ve Şehzade Mehmed'in..,1,TÜRK ISLAM TARİH MÜZESİ,5,UFTADE MOSQUE ÜFTADE CAMİİ,2,UMUR BEY CAMİİ,1,UMUR BEY TÜRBESİ,1,UMURBEY HAMAMI,2,Unesco bursa,2,ÜÇ HANIM KIZLAR TÜRBESİ,1,ÜFTÂDE HAZRETLERİ,2,VELED-İ YANİÇ CAMİİ,2,VELEDİ-İ VEZİRİ CAMİİ,1,VELİ ŞEMSEDDİN CAMİİ,1,VEZİRİ ÜÇ KURNALI CAMİİ,2,YAVUZ SULTANS SELİM,1,YERKAPI Bursa Hisar,2,YEŞİL (THE GREEN) PUBLIC BATH,2,YEŞİL SOUP KITCHEN,2,YEŞİL TÜRBE THE GREEN MAUSOLEUM,5,YIGIT KOHNE MOSQUE,4,Yıldırım Bayazıd Darüşşifası,2,YILDIRIM BAYEZID II. MURAD,2,YILDIRIM BAYEZİD TÜRBESİ,1,YILDIRIM BAYEZİT MAUSELOUM,3,YILDIRIM MEDRESESİ,2,ZİNDAN KAPI ZİNDAN (DUNGEON) GATE,2,
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BURSA SEVDAM : BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA
BRİEF HİSTORY OF BURSA
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